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Top 5 Health Concerns for India Travel After Monsoon
A large number of people from various countries plan to travel to India during the monsoons. This is the time of the year when cool atmosphere and pleasant weather welcome the visitors. Some tourists always plan their trip during this time to enjoy and experience the magical monsoon showers of the country. Every country has its own uniqueness and rains further increase the beauty of a country. Travelers can enjoy the torrential downpours with their partners, friends and family and collect some everlasting memories.
Monsoons bring along a number of diseases which can make a person seriously ill. After the showers, some of the Indian cities become very hot, which makes it a perfect time for the mosquitoes and flies to breed. So if you are planning a trip to India during or post monsoons, protect your family from the possible danger of coming in contact with different diseases which are common in the post monsoon season. Here is a list of top 5 post monsoon illnesses which are common in India.
Mosquitoes and flies are the main carriers of dengue fever. It is a viral infection which is spread by tiger mosquito, also known as Aedas Aegypti. The dengue virus is of five different types. An infection can also be acquired via single mosquito bite; therefore it is better to avoid them as much as possible. The mosquitos carrying this virus mostly attack people during early morning or late in the evening but during monsoons, it can attack people at any time of the day thus spreading the infection. Some of the most commonly seen symptoms of dengue fever are:
- Joint pains
- Muscle pains
- Skin rashes
Sometimes, this fever can also convert into a life threatening disease; therefore it is important to get the infected person treated immediately. A person may also experience low level of blood platelets and bleeding during fever. Symptoms in children often differ from adults, as it includes vomiting, common cold or gastroenteritis. Though the initial symptoms may be mild, these can later on convert into severe complications.
Till date doctors have not been able to figure out any drug to prevent this virus from spreading in the body. As the dengue virus is transmitted with the help of a mosquito, the best preventive measure a person can take is to wear full length loose clothes or to wear mosquito repellent containing DEET when going out in the evenings. Tourists visiting India post monsoons are also advised to avoid wearing perfumes as mosquitoes are attracted to sweet smell.
Malaria is one of the most commonly spread mosquito borne infectious disease. Parasitic protozoan which is a kind of unicellular microorganism is responsible for this disease in humans and animals. Female Anopheles mosquito is the carrier of this parasite which is introduced into the human circulatory system through the saliva of the mosquito when it bites. Some of the most commonly seen symptoms in humans are:
- Joint pain
- Blood in the urine
The symptoms generally begin 8-25 days after the infection; however people who have taken anti-malarial medications may come across the symptoms after several days. Some symptoms of malaria may also resemble other conditions, such as gastroenteritis, viral disease and septicemia. Paroxysm is regarded as one of the most common symptoms of malaria. It includes a cyclic occurrence of feeling of coldness and shivering followed by fever and sweating. These symptoms reoccur after every 3 days.
There are various methods such as mosquito elimination, prevention of bite and medications which can help in the prevention of malaria. However no vaccination is present against this disease. Individuals can use mosquito repellents which are picaridin or DEET based. Mosquito nets can also help in keeping the mosquitoes away from a person. People are also opting for intermittent preventive therapy, which helps infants and pregnant women to stay protected from this parasite. Tourists can also opt for anti-malaria drugs, such as doxycycline, mefloquine or Proguanil as preventive measures.
Heat related illnesses
After the monsoon showers, a sudden rise in the temperature is experienced and since human body is not able to adapt to the conditions so fast, the outcome is dehydration which in most of the cases is followed by heat related illnesses or heat strokes. A medical condition, heat related illness occurs due to exposure to excessive heat. Small children if exposed to high temperature even for a short span of time can fall sick. Some of the most common heat related illnesses include:
- Heat exhaustion
- Heat stroke
- Heat rashes
The climatic conditions that follow monsoon showers bring along heat waves which usually have high temperature. Some people may even die due to heat stroke. Such illness is often characterized by fatigue, lethargy, absence of urination and persistent headache. Skin rashes seen on small children during the pre monsoon season also indicate heat related illnesses.
Drinking lots of water is one of the best methods to remain hydrated and to stay safe from sun stroke. In addition, travelers visiting during post monsoon season can also drink Indian lemon water or oral rehydration salts to enjoy their trip without falling sick. Alternatively, tourists can also take bath twice a day to keep their body cool. Soft drinks should be avoided during this time as these contain preservatives and sugar. Travelers should also avoid air conditioners as they encourage dehydration and further dry out the body. Heat rashes can be treated by applying talcum powder on them.
During the changing weather, viral fever is the most common disease which grips tourists and local residents alike. Broad spectrums of conditions are included in viral fever which may be associated with increasing the body temperature. Such viral infection can be transmitted from one person to another simply by coughing, sneezing or yawning. When a healthy person comes in contact with the fluids of an ill person, he is at the risk of getting infected. Some of the commonly seen symptoms are:
- Body ache
- Running nose
- Redness in the eyes
This viral infection can last for 3-7 days with the body temperature rising to a high during the first three days. Some of the symptoms of viral infection can be easily characterized and these symptoms can help in differentiating viral fever from other diseases. Sometimes the virus can be highly contagious; however, most of the times viral infections are not dangerous and are often self-limited.
For maximum number of times, viral fever is difficult to prevent as it spreads easily. Depending upon its mode of spread, viral fever may occur as epidemics of infections. Medicines and vaccinations are available to treat the signs and symptoms of viral fever; however it is not possible to treat sub groups of viruses. It is also advisable to consult a doctor if the symptoms persist for a long duration of time. Self medication should be avoided as it can worsen the situation and make the person more ill. In addition, warm soothing food should be preferred over cold food.
Hay fever and Allergies
As October, the post monsoon month, is the time when trees pollinate; tourists are at high risk of getting allergies. Allergies are often referred to as hypersensitivity reactions which can even make it difficult for a person to breathe. Hay Fever is not a disease in which the body temperature of a person rises. It is a misnomer and is a king of allergic reaction. The most common symptoms of Hay Fever are:
- Nasal congestion
- Eye irritation
- Excess tear production
Allergic reaction often results when the immune system of a person reacts to the harmless substances often known as allergens present in the air. Such reactions can be predictable, acquired or rapid. Sometimes skin allergies can worsen during the monsoon or post monsoon season, therefore if you are allergic to certain climatic conditions it is better to plan your trip accordingly.
Humidity may be responsible for various skin problems; therefore it is important to keep your skin healthy and fresh. People travelling to India during post monsoon season should increase the intake of water and it is advisable to use medicated or anti-bacterial soaps to maintain Ph level of the skin. Travelers suffering from asthma should not forget their inhaler.
Travelling after monsoons can be a thrilling experience as the weather remains well within comfortable ranges; however it is important to take all the precautionary measures to stay away from the above described diseases. If travelling with small children, it becomes important to keep them at a distance from the infectious person so that you and your family can take some good and happy memories of the trip back home. Do remember to take your camera along to click some beautiful pictures.