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Information for Monsoon Travel to India
The month of June marks the beginning of monsoon season in India which usually extends till September. This period is much awaited in India as monsoon brings relief from unbearable heat and scorching summer. However, a common thought that often strikes the mind of many individuals is whether it is possible to travel in rain or not. This is obvious due to the reason that continuous rain often results in floods and other natural calamities which not only restrict travelling but can also ruin a well planned holiday. However, on a positive side, travelling in monsoon can be refreshing, provided you plan your trip well and prevent monsoon from ruining your holiday plans. Below mentioned is all that you need to know to be familiar with monsoon in India.
What brings monsoon in India?
Monsoon season comes into effect when low pressure zone built up over a warm landmass reacts with a high pressure area over a cold water body like sea, transferring moisture-laden winds towards area with low pressure. As a result, the air above the sea rises, forming clouds. When the extremely hot areas of Thar Desert and other adjoining areas build up low pressure zone during summers, the moisture-laden winds from the Indian Ocean try to fill the empty space, but due to their inability to cross The Himalayan region, they are forced to ascend. The mercury drops down to a certain level due to rise in clouds, bringing southwest summer monsoon in India.
As the southwest monsoon arrives in India, it divides into two parts in the mountainous region of the Western Ghats in South-central India. While one part extends from North over the Arabian Sea to the coastal line of Western Ghats, the other part moves over the Bay of Bengal, spreading from Assam, hitting the Eastern Himalayan range.
What to expect from Indian Monsoon?
When the southwest monsoon reaches India, Kerala is the first state to receive it. Usually, the first week of June is expected to bring monsoon in Kerala, which arrives in Mumbai roughly ten days later. After monsoon arriving in Mumbai, it proceeds towards the North and reaches Delhi around the mid of June, covering the remaining parts of the country by mid of July. However, the exact date of arrival of monsoon remains a topic of assumption every year. In spite of various forecasts by the meteorological department, chances of correct prediction are rare.
It is worth knowing that monsoon does not come into effect all of a sudden. In fact, the country receives pre-monsoon showers initially. The actual advent of monsoon is marked by the period of heavy rain, thunderstorms and lots of lightning. Gratifying showers, especially the first rain, bring incredible energy to rain lovers and it is common to watch the children playing, dancing and running around in rain. Apart from children, monsoon offers a refreshing change even to the adults.
After the initial rain, which in some places lasts for many hours or probably days, the monsoon adopts a stable pattern of raining. Predicting downpours in some places can become a bit difficult. While it can be sunny one minute, monsoon showers begin to lash the region the next minute. With very little rainfall, temperature begins to soar, accompanied by increased humidity and making the weather somewhat unpleasant. Most of the parts of India receive maximum rain in July and monsoon starts to weaken a bit in August. While the country receives less downpours throughout September, the rain that occurs can most of the times be torrential.
On a negative side, many cities witness water logging and floods due to heavy rainfall. This in turn causes inconvenience to local residents and travelers, making it difficult to travel across the place and interrupting access to other parts of the city. Therefore, when travelling to any part of the country during monsoon, make sure to get an insight of the weather forecast prior to beginning your journey. This helps you get an idea of the weather, allowing you to be prepared for any kind of situation in advance.
Which parts of India receive maximum rainfall?
When you plan to travel in monsoon season, it is important for you to know that different parts of the country receive different amounts of rainfall. While in some areas it rains almost daily, there are many other destinations in India where there can be many days without rain. Out of all the places receiving maximum rainfall, Mumbai holds the position of being one of the wettest lands in India, along with Kolkata. Besides this, the eastern Himalayan region, including cities like Shillong and Darjeeling, is known as the wettest regions not only in India, but in the world as well. This is because, as the monsoon approaches the Himalayan Range, additional moisture from the Bay of Bengal adds to the existing moisture, causing relatively more rainfall in these areas. Mawsynram in Meghalaya, Agumbe in Karnataka, Chinnakallar in Tamil Nadu, Amboli in Maharashtra, Neriamangalam in Kerala, Sitaraj in Uttarakhand, Chandbhali in Orissa, Buxa in West Bengal and Cherrapunji in Meghalaya are some of the places that offer splendidly beautiful sights during downpours as these places receive maximum rainfall in monsoon. Those who do not like much rainfall they must avoid travelling to this land. On the contrary, if you are a monsoon lover, then states like Kerala, Orissa and Tamil Nadu make an ideal option for you to travel in rain. Since these states receive gratifying showers throughout the monsoon, you are sure to enjoy your monsoon vacation to the fullest.
Which parts of India receive minimum rainfall?
While the cities receiving maximum rainfall are many, those getting minimum downpours are also not less. As far as metropolitan cities are concerned, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad and Delhi are some of the cities that do not receive much rainfall from southwest monsoon. In addition of these cities, The Deccan Plateau that lies on the eastern side of the mountain range of Western Ghats, Rajasthan and Ladakh are other places to receive least rainfall in India. Therefore, if you are not very fond of rainy season, you can consider travelling to these places during monsoon.
What to keep in mind while travelling during monsoon in India?
The feeling of travelling in monsoon fascinates most of the people and there are many individuals who choose monsoon to be the best season for outings and holidaying. Although, rainy season is enjoyable, one needs to be extra careful during this time as health hazards are more likely to occur during this time. Thus, ensure to keep the below mentioned things in your mind while you are travelling in rain.
- One of the most important things one needs to be sure about is to pack according to the weather. The things that are necessary in this season are umbrellas and raincoats. As far as clothing is concerned, since synthetic clothes dry more quickly, make sure to have them in your bags while travelling. Also, remember to carry waterproof bags with you.
- Illness and infections are common during rainy season. Carrying some antibiotics and medicine kit is recommended. In case of symptoms of sickness, do not delay consulting a local doctor.
- You are more likely to get contaminated water and food in monsoon. So, it is better to carry boiled water and fresh fruits with you. Also, hot beverages like coffee and tea make better option in monsoon as compared to juices and cold drinks.
- In case you are travelling by your own vehicle or a rented means of transportation, make certain to know road and weather conditions in advance. Moreover, while travelling to long distances, keep extra tools and tires with you.
Why should you travel in monsoon?
You might come across many people who do not prefer to travel in monsoon. However, it is worth knowing that travelling in rainy season can offer many benefits and it is due to this reason one must consider travelling during this period. Some of the advantages include:
- It is during the monsoon season that you can plan a budget holiday. As many hotels and resorts offer discounts on accommodation, one can save a big amount. Not only affordable accommodation, but an individual can benefit from cheap holiday packages as well.
- Monsoon is certainly a perfect time for you to travel if you like to enjoy serene ambience. As most of the tourist attractions are not crowded during this period, you can enjoy peaceful travelling and make the most of your holiday.
- When travelling to long distances for vacationing, most of the people prefer to travel by air. It is during this time you can expect lower airfares which again help you in saving money.
- The natural beauty of any place is at its zenith during monsoon, so travelling in rainy season allows you to witness picturesque views of the places.
Travelling in monsoon is great fun as you get to explore various facets of India. This complete guide to monsoon season in India can be a perfect answer to your question of whether one should travel in monsoon or not.